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Title: Seasonal change in the exacerbations of Crohn's disease.
Title Abreviation: Scand J Gastroenterol Date of Pub: 1996 Jan
Author: Zeng L; Anderson FH;
Issue/Part/Supplement: 1 Volume Issue: 31 Pagination: 79-82
MESH Headings: Adolescence; Adult; Aged; British Columbia; Crohn Disease (ET/PA/*PP); Disease Progression; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Human; Male; Middle Age; Recurrence; Retrospective Studies; Risk Factors; Seasons (*); -AA-;
Journal Title Code: UCS Publication Type: JOURNAL ARTICLE
Date of Entry: 961025NEntry Month: 9701
Country: NORWAY Index Priority: 2
Language: Eng Unique Identifier: 96402875
Unique Identifier: 96402875 ISSN: 0036-5521
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Ulcerative colitis (UC) has been reported to run a clinical course with seasonal exacerbations in both retrospective and prospective studies; such a seasonality was not been observed, however, in Crohn's disease (CD). METHODS: The monthly distribution in the relapse of CD was retrospectively studied to ascertain whether there is any seasonal variation in the exacerbations of the disease. During the period of 1972 to 1993, 139 patients who had been regularly followed up for at least 13 consecutive months were analyzed. RESULTS: In a total of 10,693 follow-up months for these patients 592 relapses occurred in the study period. The highest relapse rate was found in the autumn and winter, whereas the lowest was in the summer. CONCLUSION: This study shows that CD runs a clinical course with seasonal exacerbations, suggesting that seasonal or exogenous factors may be involved in the relapse of CD.
Abstract By: Author
Address: Dept. of Medicine, Vancouver Hospital, B.C., Canada.