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Title: A prospective epidemiologic study of Crohn's disease in Heraklion, Crete. Incidence over a 5-year period.
Title Abreviation: Scand J Gastroenterol Date of Pub: 1996 Jun
Author: Manousos ON; Koutroubakis I; Potamianos S; Roussomoustakaki M; Gourtsoyiannis N; Vlachonikolis IG;
Issue/Part/Supplement: 6 Volume Issue: 31 Pagination: 599-603
MESH Headings: Adult; Age Distribution; Aged; Crohn Disease (*EP); Educational Status; Female; Greece (EP); Human; Incidence; Male; Middle Age; Prospective Studies; Risk Factors; Rural Population; Smoking (EP); Urban Population; -AA-;
Journal Title Code: UCS Publication Type: JOURNAL ARTICLE
Date of Entry: 961113NEntry Month: 9701
Country: NORWAY Index Priority: 2
Language: Eng Unique Identifier: 96381887
Unique Identifier: 96381887 ISSN: 0036-5521
Abstract: BACKGROUND: There has been an impression from published work that Crohn's disease is less common in southern than in northern Europe. A low incidence of Crohn's disease has been observed in Greece, but conclusive data are still lacking. METHOD: A 5-year prospective and population-based epidemiologic study of Crohn's disease was carried out in a well-defined area of Crete. RESULTS: The mean annual incidence of the disease for the years 1990-94 was 3.0 per 10(5) inhabitants. During the study period the incidence increased from 1.9/10(5) in 1990 to 3.8/10(5) in 1994. The male to female ratio was 2.4:1. The age group 25-34 years had the highest age-adjusted incidence (6.3/10(5)). The incidence of Crohn's disease was also found to be higher in smokers, in urban areas, and in people with high educational level. CONCLUSION: Crohn's disease is common in Heraklion, Crete. The findings of the study are discussed in relation to those of other European countries.
Abstract By: Author
Address: Dept. of Gastroenterology, University Hospital of Heraklion, Greece.